Question: Which Protocol Is Used By The Traceroute Command To Send And Receive Echo Request And Echo Replies?

What is netstat command?

The network statistics ( netstat ) command is a networking tool used for troubleshooting and configuration, that can also serve as a monitoring tool for connections over the network.

Both incoming and outgoing connections, routing tables, port listening, and usage statistics are common uses for this command..

What is nslookup command?

nslookup (from name server lookup) is a network administration command-line tool for querying the Domain Name System (DNS) to obtain domain name or IP address mapping, or other DNS records.

What UDP port does Traceroute use?

Sets the base UDP port number used in probes. The default is 33434. The traceroute command depends on an open UDP port range of base to base + nhops – 1 at the destination host. If a UDP port is not available, this option can be used to pick an unused port range.

What is the port for SSH?

22The standard TCP port for SSH is 22. SSH is generally used to access Unix-like operating systems, but it can also be used on Microsoft Windows. Windows 10 uses OpenSSH as its default SSH client and SSH server.

What is the difference between Ping and Traceroute?

The main difference between Ping and Traceroute is that Ping is a quick and easy utility to tell if the specified server is reachable and how long will it take to send and receive data from the server whereas Traceroute finds the exact route taken to reach the server and time taken by each step (hop).

How do you know if a Traceroute is successful?

If the target server is reached, the ICMP Code 0, Echo Reply will be sent and thus Traceroute knows the job is finished. In this case the target server is reached well before the maximum hop counts. So what we saw is a successful traceroute attempt. No issues at all !

Why does Traceroute give different results?

Trace route provides a description of the path between your current IP address and a destination IP address in the form of hops. By “different networks” in your question it would seem you are changing the source and hence it would be impossible to get the same result.

What port does ICMP use?

ICMP has no ports and is neither TCP nor UDP. ICMP is IP protocol 1 (see RFC792), TCP is IP protocol 6 (described in RFC793) and UDP is IP protocol 17(see RFC768). UDP and TCP have ports, ICMP has no ports, but types and codes.

Does Traceroute use UDP?

By default Windows tracert uses ICMP and both Mac OS X and Linux traceroute use UDP. … All versions of traceroute rely on ICMP type 11 (Time exceeded) responses from each hop along the route. If ICMP type 11 responses are being blocked by your firewall, traceroute will not work. These packets are inbound, not outbound.

How do I trace a port number using tracert?

To use tracert, you must be running Microsoft Windows.Open a Command Prompt. … In the Command Prompt window, type ‘tracert’ followed by the destination, either an IP Address or a Domain Name, and press Enter. … The command will return output indicating the hops discovered and time (in milliseconds) for each hop.

How does UDP Traceroute work?

UDP traceroute is similar to ICMP traceroute in the fact that it plays with the TTL field in the IP header. In a UDP traceroute, the client transmits a simple UDP packet to an invalid destination port value. Figure 4 shows a partial decode of this UDP packet. In the first packet, the client (10.234.

How do you perform a traceroute?

Running a TraceroutePress Windows key + R to open the Run window.Enter cmd and press Enter to open a Command Prompt.Enter tracert, a space, then the IP address or web address for the destination site (for example: tracert www.lexis.com).Press Enter.

Which protocol is used by the Traceroute?

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)It uses a series of Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo messages to determine: Whether a remote host is active or inactive. The round-trip delay in communicating with the host.

What does * * * * mean in Traceroute?

Traceroute sends packets to the destination with the field “time to live” (TTL) equal to the number of hops. … If router does not respond within a timeout then traceroute prints an asterisk.

Why does Traceroute take so long?

It starts with a TTL of 1, waits for a timeout, then reports where the timeout error came from, and repeats the process, increasing the TTL by one each time. So basically it’s a long process because it’s waiting for timeouts for each hop on the way.” Actually the traceroute can be ICMP or a serie of UDP packets.

How do you read a tracert output?

Hop Number – This is the first column and is simply the number of the hop along the route. … RTT Columns – The next three columns display the round trip time (RTT) for your packet to reach that point and return to your computer. … Domain/IP column – The last column has the IP address of the router.

How do I use the tracert command in Linux?

To perform a trace route in Linux open Terminal and type in “traceroute domain.com” replacing domain.com with your domain name or IP address. If you do not have trace route installed you may need to install it. For example in Ubuntu the command to install trace route is “sudo apt-get install traceroute”.

Why does Traceroute use UDP?

According to the Stevens (TCP/IP Illustrated) the traceroute program sends UDP packets to the destination host with an incremental TTL (1, 2, 3, etc) to get the intermediate hops info from the ICMP TTL EXPIRED messages.